Optimistic updates

A powerful pattern to improve your app's perceived performance is optimistic updates. When building an async action, you might be able to predict the outcome of the operation. If so, you can implement optimistic updates by proactively setting the data to the predicted value, when starting the async action. Once the action completes, it will update data to the actual value, probably the same value as predicted.

The following example uses both promiseFn and deferFn along with setData to implement optimistic updates.

import Async from "react-async"
const getAttendance = () => fetch("/attendance").then(() => true, () => false)
const updateAttendance = ([attend]) =>
fetch("/attendance", { method: attend ? "POST" : "DELETE" }).then(() => attend, () => !attend)
const AttendanceToggle = () => (
<Async promiseFn={getAttendance} deferFn={updateAttendance}>
{({ isPending, data: isAttending, run, setData }) => (
onClick={() => {

Here we have a switch to toggle attentance for an event. Clicking the toggle will most likely succeed, so we can predict the value it will have after completion (because we're just flipping a boolean).

Notice that React Async accepts both a promiseFn and a deferFn at the same time. This allows you to combine data fetching with performing actions. A typical example of where this is useful is with forms, where you first want to populate the fields with current values from the database, and send the new values back when submitting the form. Do note that promiseFn and deferFn operate on the same data, so they should both resolve to a similar kind of value.